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Apr 28, 2016· The second and third mixes had 30%and 50% of the cement replaced by fly ash. The fourth and fifth mixes had 30% and 50% of cement replacement with slag. Total aggregate/cementitious materials ratio was 6.0 with 33% of fine aggregates, and The water/cementitious ratio was 0.55. 10.

Oct 10, 2017· R R Chavan, D B Kulkarni, Performance of copper slag on strength Properties as partial replace of fine aggregate in concrete mix design International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Studies, E-ISSN22498974, Volume 2, Issue 4, Sep (2013), pp. 95-98.

Copper slag is a waste product which is from copper manufacturing industries. The gradation of copper slag is similar to that of M.Sand so in this work the fine aggregate is replaced by copper slag in various percentages. Table 2.4 Properties of copper slag Properties Results Fineness 3.84 Specific gravity 3.45 Fig 2.1

1. To find the optimum proportion of Copper Slag that can be used as a replacement substitute material for fine aggregate in concrete 2.To evaluate mechanical properties by use of copper slag in concrete specimens. 3To determined Strength, Workability, Durability by using copper slag as fully replacement of fine aggregate

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5 IV April 2017

the percentage of copper slag added by weight of fine aggregate up to 30% of replacement of copper slag strength was found to be 45.42 N/mm2 for a design mix 1: 1.4: 2.6 keeping w/c ratio as 0.4[2] Srinivasu, Kranti, Nagasai & Saikumar studied on compressive strength properties and effects of copper slag as partial replacement

which is less than 4.75mm is called fine aggregate. River sand is used as fine aggregate conforming to the requirements if IS383.Before using that it must be properly cleaned by sieving and washing to eliminate the impurities. D. Pebble stone: Fig 1: River pebble Pebble is a small rounded block of stone that has

Figure 2: M-sand and copper slag Specific gravity of fine aggregate=2.556 & Specific gravity of copper slag=3.34 Mix design of M40 grade concrete The mix design is made for M40 grade by using the values of basic tests and the code book as been used for designing. In this design we are going to adopt 0.4 of water cement

Jul 06, 2021· Windows 1252 Wikipedia •Žq‚̃oƒXƒP replace •Žq‚̃oƒXƒP replace-The P And Q Symbol Of Point Set P Of Fig 5 Reeection On The Diagonal Download Scientific Diagram. Ti 34 Explorer Plusj Manualzz. Eigenvalues And Eigenvectors.

The percentage replaced for fine aggregate by copper slag is 20, 40 and 60. The test was performed at the age of 7 days. The specimens were kept in water until the time of testing and the tests were carried out on the surface dry specimens. Table-3 shows the mix design details for

onProperties of concrete partially replaced with copper slag as fine aggregate and ceramic fine aggregate for M25 grade concretetile waste as coarse aggregate & concluded that, experimental mixes of concrete M40with copper slag replacing fine aggregate in 0%, 20%, 40% and 60% was casted and tested. It was found that

Effects of Copper Slag as a Replacement for Fine Aggregate on the Behavior and Ultimate Strength of Reinforced Concrete Slender Columns used. Table 2 shows the mix design quantities. The mix constituents were weighed in separate buckets and mixed in a rotating drum in accordance with the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM

mixes with copper slag gave concrete with adequate properties, with the optimal sand replacements by water-cooled copper slag overall being in the region of 30-60%. Based on the results water-cooled copper slag can be considered to be a suitable candidate for the partial replacement of fine aggregate in concrete.

Mar 01, 2019· Properties of concrete with copper slag as fine aggregate replaced were studied. Control concrete with normal fine aggregate and copper slag concrete with 0-30% fine aggregate replacement with copper slag were made. Constant water to cement ratio of 0.4% was maintained for all the concrete. Properties like compressive strength investigate in

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Mineral hydration - Wikipedia

Mineral hydration is an inorganic chemical reaction where water is added to the crystal structure of a mineral, usually creating a new mineral, usually called a hydrate.. In geological terms, the process of mineral hydration is known as retrograde alteration and is a process occurring in retrograde metamorphism.It commonly accompanies metasomatism and is often a feature of …

The effect of replacing fine aggregate by copper slag on the compressive strength and split tensile strength are attempted in this work. ... The fine aggregate is partially replaced with copper ...

When more copper slag is added as a fine aggregate in concrete splitting tensile strength is decreased. Splitting tensile strength of concrete containing industrial wastes and fibres Moreover depleting sources of sand in Pakistan triggered the dire need of …

obtained when fine aggregate is replaced with copper at 40%. The least compressive strength of 88.49MPa is obtained when fine aggregate is replaced with copper slag. Now keeping this copper slag mix as constant, Nano silica is replaced with cement in various percentages i.e. 1%, 2% and 3%.

from 50 % to replacement .Replacement of copper slag in fine aggregate reduces the cost of making concrete. A. Objective: In this study the properties of concrete like workability, compacting factor compressive strength, are found out for partial replacement of fine aggregate with copper slag. III. MATERIAL AND WORK:

aggregate is replaced by copper slag and cement is replaced by fly ash from 45%to 60%.Replacement of fine aggregate by copper slag, cement by fly ash up to 50% shows good result in strength characteristics of concrete, hence replacement of copper slag up to50%is an optimum value for a normal concrete M. V. Patil, Y.D.Patil In this research ...

(1) If fly ash is used for partial replacing cement in concrete making, it seems to be necessary to replace fine aggregate also by copper slag, ensuring that not both ratios (namely, fly ash cement or copper slag sand) exceed 1.0.

Project on the replacement of coarse aggregate with slag Products. As a leading global manufacturer of crushing, grinding and mining equipments, we offer advanced, reasonable solutions for any size-reduction requirements including, Project on the replacement of coarse aggregate with slag, quarry, aggregate, and different kinds of minerals.

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Fly ash - Wikipedia

Fly ash or flue ash, coal ash, and also known as pulverised fuel ash in the United Kingdom, or coal combustion residuals (CCRs), is a coal combustion product that is composed of the particulates (fine particles of burned fuel) that are driven out of coal-fired boilers together with the flue gases.Ash that falls to the bottom of the boiler's combustion chamber (commonly called a …

M-25and M-30 grade of concrete. Here the fine aggregate partially replaced with copper slag in concrete with 5%, 10%, 15% & 20% by weight of fine aggregates and cement Mix design was prepared for M-25 and M-30 grade of concrete by replacement of copper slag as fine aggregate and cement. We can reduce the digging of river sand

Jan 02, 2019· Copper Slag (CS) as Fine Aggregate Substitute in Concrete A number of criteria are relevant in the selection of alternative materials that can be substituted for aggregates in concrete applications, including (1) low cost, (2) compatibility with other constituents of concrete, and (3) compatibility with concrete design properties [ 27 ].

copper slag as a replacement of fine aggregate on the strength properties. From the results obtained he concluded that the maximum compressive strength of concrete increased by 55% at 40% replacement of fine aggregate by copper slag, and up to 75% replacement, (Chavan et. al., 2013) concrete gain more strength than


Jun 01, 2010· The slump of the concrete incorporating the copper slag as the fine aggregate increased as more natural sand was replaced by the copper slag, as shown in Fig. 1. The maximum slump obtained was 245 mm which occurred at the copper slag replacement as compared to the slump of 60 mm of the control mix. In general, it can be concluded that the ...

This paper reports on an experimental program to investigate the effect of using copper slag as a replacement of fine aggregate on the strength properties. Copper slag is the waste material of matte smelting and refining of copper such that each ton of copper generates approximately 2.5 tons of copper slag.

added by weight of fine aggregate up to 30% of replacement of copper slag strength was found to be 45.42 N/mm2 for a design mix 1: 1.4: 2.6 keeping w/c ratio as 0.4 [4] Singh &Bath in their paper studied the use of copper slag as fine aggregate ‐ a case study.

Abstract: Fine aggregate plays a main role in the preparation of both concrete and mortar in construction work. Continues extraction of fine aggregate from ... sand,copper slag,M-sand(manufactured sand),GGBS,glass ... 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 ompressive strength in N/mm2

of fine aggregate was replaced by copper slag and maximum strength is obtained;at three stress ratios (0.65, 0.70 and0.75 of fatigue failure loads). From the data obtained S-N curves are developed using linear regression modelconsidering log normal distribution as is being presently adopted. The number of repetitions to failure was compared ...

Aug 20, 2014· This work focuses on the use of copper slag, as a partial replacement of sand for use in cement concrete and building construction. Cement mortar mixtures prepared with fine aggregate made up of different proportions of copper slag and sand were tested for use as masonry mortars and plastering. Three masonry wall panels of dimensions 1 × 1 m were …

when copper slag was used to replace fine aggregate, up to 40% copper slag replacement, the strength of concrete was increases while the surface water absorption decreases. They also observed that when more than 40% of copper slag is used, the microstructure of concrete contains more voids, micro cracks, and capillary channels which accelerate ...

2) To meet the scarcity of Natural fine aggregate in future, the copper slag can be alternatively used. 3) Vast quantities of copper slag are produced from manufacturing of copper.In our project we are using the copper slag by replacing natural fine aggregate at different percentage like (0%, 20%, 40%, 60%, 80%, and ).

with M-sand, natural sand and copper slag concrete. Natural fine aggregate is completely replaced by M-sand and partially by copper slag. Compressive strength is evaluated and compared up to 28 days of ages. Specific properties of concrete materials and copper slag are also studied. The entire tests were performed as per specifications.